The desert biome is a kind of environment that develops as a result of the low amount of rain it gets each year. Deserts encompass about 20% of the Earth's surface. In this biome, there are four kinds of desert: hot and dry, semiarid, coastal, and cold. They can all live among the plant and animal species that can thrive there.
Facts about the Desert Biome:
Although the desert biome's daily temperatures are very scorching, the biome's nighttime temperatures may be quite chilly.
The Sahara Desert is the desert biome's biggest desert. It has a total area of approximately 300 million square miles.
Because the desert biome's flora does not grow very tall, it can only support tiny creatures, rodents, and reptiles. These creatures may hide from the sun by burrowing in tunnels or beneath tiny scrubs.
Many desert creatures are nocturnal, resting during the day and emerging at night when conditions are more bearable.
Because there is little standing water in the desert biome, animals must either store water in their bodies or rely on the items they consume to meet their water requirements.
When the wind gathers up dust from the ground, a dust storm occurs. These storms may reach a height of one mile and traverse hundreds of kilometers.
Water is stored in the stems of plants that can thrive in the desert environment. They're usually spaced apart so that their roots may spread out and locate water.
When it rains in certain deserts, the water evaporates in the air before it reaches the ground.
Some of Antarctica's deserts are referred to as "cold deserts." Because of the limited quantity of flora that grows there, they are classified as deserts.
Every 5 to 20 years, the world's driest desert gets an average of 1 centimeter of rain.
Due to the fact that body fat holds heat, most desert animals have evolved an adaption that enables them to store all of their body fat in one location. The camel's hump stores all of its bodily fat.
Cacti have a variety of adaptations to help them live in the desert. Their waxy exterior coating prevents moisture from escaping and protects them from being devoured by animals.
Plants and grasses are few in cold deserts (such as Antarctica). They only have a few that sprout throughout the summer.
The desert biome is a popular tourist destination. In the desert, people love rock climbing, dirt riding, and hiking.
Except for Europe, the desert biome may be found on every continent.